Human rights can be defined as basic rights and freedoms that belongs to every person in the world until death. This portrays that all individuals are equal as human beings and by virtue of the inherent dignity of each human person hence all human beings entitled to their human rights without discrimination of any kind. People with disabilities have consistently been denied the rights to fully participation in a society as free and equal members. Therefore, the essay will discuss the rights for people with disabilities. To start with, right to access health services. The Convection of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) “states that all persons with disabilities have the right to enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health services without discrimination on the basis of disabilities” (article 25.7). While persons with disabilities may at times need to access health services for medical conditions related to their disabilities, this should not be presumed to be their primary need for health services. All persons with disabilities have the same general health care needs as everyone else and require access to mainstream health care services on equal basis as everyone else. Secondly, people with disabilities have a right to education. It is relevant to ensure that people with disabilities have access to quality education in the sense that people with disabilities are provided with adequate access to education and ample opportunities to develop their skills. People with disabilities have the right for comparable access, services and facilities at the right to participate in education without discrimination for students with disabilities Furthermore, right to employment. The Convection of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities states that “no disabled person shall be denied access to opportunities for suitable employment”. A qualified disabled employee shall be a subject to the same conditions of employment and the same compensation, privileges, benefits, incentives as a qualified able-bodied person. This shows that people with disabilities are free to work anywhere and every time and they are supposed to be employed if they are qualified for the particular positions. In additional, people with disabilities have the right to life. This means that on one including individuals and government can kill a person with disability. Because it’s the government responsibility to protect the human rights, they must create laws that safe guard human life and protect the people with disabilities if their life is in danger. The right to life is often invoked in discussion surrounding war, police brutality and self-defense.In conclusion, it is a duty of concerned citizens and the government to ensure that people with disabilities are able to enjoy their rights. They are required to establish and maintain laws and services that enable people to enjoy life in which their rights are protected and respected.



COVID19 is still a hot topic across the globe, but now it’s of a different tune, what everyone is talking about is the vaccines. Though long awaited and anticipated on, it carries a lot of controversies, some being that it’s a way for the elite to reduce population and rule the world, it’s a 5G network chip where your life can be controlled and manipulated, it is a trick to have a one world government-the new world order and that you will develop horns or a tail, some form of deformity from it. Whether or not you subscribe to these theories, the fact of the matter remains that COVID19 is still an imminent threat to the human race, we have seen more funerals than ever before.

Pfizer, AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson and Novavax, these are now popular names we have come to be familiar with because these are some of the leading pharmaceutical companies producing this vaccine, and all produce different results, but do protect against COVID-19 symptoms and severe disease after a person receives two doses. Countries have already started vaccinating their people and here are the populations given priority in getting the jab:  

  • Frontline workers i.e. doctors and nurses, social workers, teachers, cashiers, truck drivers, soldiers, police officers, security guards etc.
  • All those over 65years
  • Those with clinical conditions e.g. cancer, asthma, have organ transplants etc.
  • People with severe mental health illness and disabilities like down syndrome
  • Then the rest of the population

Vaccines are not a new phenomenon in our lives as human beings; however this one is new and there have been some concerns about the vaccine; here are a few frequently asked questions and answers from Johns Hopkins University Hospital:

covid19 vaccine
  1. What is a vaccine?

A: Vaccines help people develop immunity to a virus or other germ. A vaccine introduces a less harmful part of that germ — or something created to look or behave like it — into a person’s body. The body’s immune system develops antibodies that fight that particular germ and keep the person from getting sick from it. Later, if the person encounters that germ again, their immune system can “recognize” it and “remember” how to fight it off

  • How long will it protect me? Will I have to get a COVID-19 shot every year?

A: A few people who have had COVID-19 have apparently had a second, often milder case of the disease, and researchers are exploring what this means in terms of how long immunity from the coronavirus lasts. Vaccine developers are looking at ways to boost the effectiveness of a vaccine so that it provides longer immune protection than a natural infection with the coronavirus.

  • Will the vaccine work if I’ve already had COVID-19 or tested positive for the coronavirus?

A: The CDC notes that people who have already had COVID-19 or tested positive may still benefit from getting the COVID-19 vaccination.

  • If I get a coronavirus vaccination, do I still have to wear a mask? Physical distance?

A: Yes. It may take time for everyone who wants a COVID-19 vaccination to get one. A vaccine that is 95% effective means that about 1 out of 20 people who get it may not have protection from getting the illness.

Also, while the vaccine may prevent you from getting sick, it is unknown at this time if you can still carry and transmit the virus to others. That is why, until more is understood about how well the vaccine works, continuing with precautions such as mask-wearing and physical distancing will be important.

  • Availability of a COVID-19 Vaccine

5.1 Will there be enough vaccine for everyone who wants it?

A: it will take a while to make and distribute enough of the vaccine for everyone who wishes to be vaccinated against COVID-19.

5.2. Will it be easier or harder to get in some areas?

A: There could be differences in availability from one place to another.

5.3 Will older adults receive a COVID-19 vaccine?

A: The first groups to receive authorized COVID-19 vaccines are frontline healthcare workers, residents of long-term care facilities and adults 65 and older.

5.4 Will children receive a COVID-19 vaccine?

A: The Food and Drug Administration has authorized the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for distribution to individuals ages 16 years and older. No COVID-19 vaccine has been authorized for children under 16.

6.  What are the side effects?

A: It is normal to have certain reactions after a vaccination: There may be redness, swelling or pain around the injection site. Fatigue, fever, headache and aching limbs are also not uncommon in the first three days after vaccination.

Facts to keep in mind

  • About 121 million infections have been recorded to date, Over 2.4 million people worldwide have died from COVID-19, Africa recording 107 778deaths
  • Approximately 98 685 029 recoveries have been recorded worldwide, Africa recording over 3million recoveries.
  • Scientists say that we will have to learn to live with the virus amongst us-the new normal.
  • 132 countries have begun vaccinating the population.
  • Social distance is the new way to show love and caring.
  • Washing hands, sanitizing, wearing a mask properly is a way to prevent infection, so keep it up.
  • Most people who get sick from COVID 19 will recover.
  • We have had vaccines before that have saved the human race and improved quality of life, e.g. polio vaccine

The FAQ above might have shed some light on the new kid on the block, now what do you think about the COVID vaccine and getting it?

“If communities are not on-board and convinced that a vaccine will protect their health, we will make little headway. It’s critical that countries reach out to communities and hear their concerns and give them a voice in the process,” Dr. Moeti; WHO regional director Africa.


Deafness in Sub-Saharan Africa (borgenproject.org)

The World Health Organization (WHO) reported in March 2020 that there are 466 million people in the world with “disabling hearing loss.” Disabling hearing loss refers to hearing loss greater than 40 dB in the better hearing ear in adults, and a hearing loss greater than 30 dB in children. WHO estimates that by 2050, over 900 million people will have disabling hearing loss. Causes include genetics, birth complications, infectious diseases, medications, noise exposure, and age. And now with COVID-19, hearing loss may be a potential side effect. Sixty percent of childhood hearing loss stems from preventable causes. According to the WHO, “unaddressed hearing loss poses an annual global cost of $750 billion.”

Deafness comes with many challenges. However, often these struggles go unseen. This can cause feelings of exclusion and invisibility. The purpose of Deaf Awareness Week is to draw attention to deaf people, their accomplishments and their issues. Deaf Awareness Week is dedicated to educating the public about hearing loss, deafness, deaf culture and sign language. The aim is to ensure that hearing people understand deafness and the culture of the deaf community.

This is why Deaf Awareness Week 2022 is focusing on ‘Inclusion Deafness’. It aims to:

  • highlight the impact of hearing loss on everyday life
  • demonstrate the importance of mental health in people with hearing loss
  • increase visibility and inclusion of underrepresented groups
  • raise issues of deafness being overlooked within education and the workplace


Federation of Disability Organizations Malawi (FEDOMA) with the support from UNICEF through SAFOD is implementing a project on #Inclusive Young Voices which aims at building the capacity of persons with Disabilities and building skills of the youth on the use of online tools for disability advocacy. Hence the Republic of Malawi developed various GDS commitments for instance Inclusive education. Persons with disabilities face the following challenges: early identification of disabilities, lack of special needs teachers and also insufficient training of caregivers. Therefore, the essay will explain some of the recommendations that the government should do in order to deal with the challenges that persons with disabilities face in education. To start with, adequate accessible resources. For instance, text books need to be available in many formats like Braille, large print, sign language and audio books. This will encourage teachers to convey information in a variety of ways for different types of learners like with a mix of text, supporting graphics and pictures. But because learners learn in a variety of ways, they may require additional materials like alphabet blocks, manipulative and reading related games hence learners will have an opportunity to learn.

In this case the ministry of education should make sure that they have a lot of resources in order to support learners with disabilities to boost up their performance rather having an access to education without any challenges. Secondly, revisit constituency bursary scheme. The bursary scheme is an initiative of the government aimed at helping students from poor backgrounds to obtain education. The scheme also ensures that students are retained in school after enrolment. It promotes equal access to education for all people in Malawi, irrespective of race, ethnicity, gender, religion, disability or any other discriminatory characteristics. It is the duty for the ministry of education to make sure that they revisit the bursary scheme in order to benefit more learners with disabilities. The other recommendation is that the government should review and improve training curriculum on Inclusive education so that it meets contemporary standards of inclusion. To ensure that children with physical, sensory, communication and intellectual disabilities benefit from instruction are also highlighted within the guide .Inclusive education systems and policies can provide policy makers and implementers with recommendations on how to provide better quality education services to learners with disabilities. Finally, the government should train enough specialists teachers as well as strengthen monitoring in special needs education. This will help in creating opportunities for success, know that each student is unique, stay organized. Hence, it will encourage students to build skills through a wide of activities e.g. independent students success to books, shared reading interaction. #CommitToChange,#GDS_2022,#IVY_Malawi,#SAFOD2017,#UNICEFAfrica,#DisabilityAwareness,#Ministryofeducation


Empowerment is about people being able to have a voice and take control over their own lives and futures. All people whether they have a disability or not, they are required to be involved in the decisions that affects their lives. This makes a positive growth attitude despite any disability, a person will pursue and work on their goals thus contributing positively to the society. Therefore, the essay will explain some reasons why there is need to empower persons with disabilities.
To start with, to provide easy access to all services. Persons with disabilities needs an access to the same services and opportunities to those without disabilities. For example they need to go to school, access to health care and also earn income. They also need access to specific services like rehabilitation and assistive devices such as wheelchair etc.

Secondly, to inform persons with disabilities of their rights and ensure they are protected. Empowering persons with disabilities also involves educating them of their rights and privileges, teaching them about the law and generally giving relevant information concerning aspects of their well being. Most persons with disabilities having been excluded from many legal decision making processes, are not aware of their rights and have become a subject to abuse and exploitation.
The other reason is to promote tolerance and respect among persons with disabilities and those without. Persons with disabilities face inequality and bias due to their perceived limitations. That is why it is crucial to inform and educate the society about multiple disabilities and how to interact with persons with disabilities respectively. This can be done through campaigns. Most people will be tolerant and kind to persons with disabilities hence creating an environment of mutual respect.
Furthermore, minimize cases of abuses to persons with disabilities. In some third world countries, news about exploitation of persons with disabilities for fraud and other crimes have been prevalent. By empowering persons with disabilities can be tacked by passing laws that protect the persons with disabilities and punish those who abuse and exploit them. The representatives of persons with disabilities should be given the mandate to run programs that ensure that such cases do not occur.
All in all, we must all contribute and empowerment is crucial as it unlocks the potential of persons with disabilities and deliver real change in the society.



Accessibility refers to the ease of reach to goods, services, facilities and utilities to maximize convenience for everyone in their day to day life.

Accessible offices.

Persons with disabilities can not access or get help from government offices or private sectors. They can not reach help because some persons with disabilities are using wheelchairs, others are blind, some can not even help themselves and in government offices the building structures does not allow them to get access from the offices for example ramps elevators.

Access to transport

When it comes to transport persons with disabilities they do not get special help from transport services like taxis, buses and combies because people who are giving them that service they will get annoyed because they think that they waste their time on helping persons with disabilities e.g. a person using a wheelchair needs special attention on when accessing transport they need someone to assist them.


persons with disabilities like blind people roads don not favor them because some roads do not have curb stones and blind people depend on them when walking using a white cane to feel the sideline of the roads.




Changing People’s Perspectives About Disability

Everyone in this world have different views towards disability, it is necessary for me as an individual to correct for that.

Disability is a state that which comes to anyone at any time. It does not choose which person it may attack, some people who lives in this earth believe that disability is a results of witchcraft. No, I do not agree to that statement because God is the one who created a human being not witchcraft. Some children grow up knowing that disability is transmitted from one person to another which is not true at all. Some people are too sensitive to a point that when they see a person with disability either being blindness, ♿wheelchair bounds or any form of disability, they cry as a way of feeling pity for those people.

Having said all of those, i will educate people about disability and also ask the Government of Botswana 🇧🇼 to offer counselling to those who do not know and understand about how to treat persons living with disability. A lot of parents are ashamed for having children with disability hence hiding them from the eyes of people which is a trauma and those parents needs rehabilitated as for them to accept the reality of God.





Challenges that are faced by persons with albinism and the myths said to be true about them 

To begin with, people living with albinism face a lot of challenges and discriminations in their societies, they are often discriminated by others for having a different skin colour. They are mainly called names and identified by this names, and this breaks them down because the discriminator makes them feel mere and unwanted. In some countries this people are unwanted and therefore are killed  and used for rituals. 

Secondly, they are  myths said to be true about people with albinism which are actually not. People say that, people with albinism are believe to be abnormal, and they become blind halfway though life .They never die and they are not humans, they are ghosts and they just vanish. They also believe that a charm or portion made from body parts of a person with albinism, has magical powers bringing its owner wealth, success and good luck. It is also said that, having sex with a woman with albinism will cure AIDS.

To sum up, people with albinism face discrimination and challenges in integrating into the community. They are not seen as people but as ghosts that just vanish. This people are not accepted in some countries, which is why they are often killed and used for rituals as they are believed to have magical powers. Men believe that if they have sex with an albinism woman will cure AIDS.


Malawi is a landlocked country that has different natural attractive features for tourism. We pride ourselves with a fresh water lake Malawi which is located to the east of the country and it is spread in all the three regions. For the first time in the history of our country, we have experienced more than one cyclone which has led to devastating floods in the southern part of the country. This is because many people who are affected live in plain areas which when the floods are coming they carry everything in their vicinity.
According to our moral obligation many people who relocated to camps which are schools in the upper areas are living a hard life as most things they need are not easy to come by. Starting from the time the cyclones started to date, people with disabilities had challenges to run to safety. Many were left behind and the lucky ones lost their aids in the process. This has led individuals and organizations to fundraise for basic needs to the general public to help the flood victims. Notable persons who have done charity work are Joel Kampanikiza, Pemphero Mphande and a grouping called ‘Know your car’ just to mention a few. They collected food stuff and clothes from well-wishers which is a good gesture.
Although these activities have happened, they have forgotten to look at the disability aspect of the victims as it is an essential part of the friends who might have acquired an impairment or already have one during the tragedy. Most of them have been hit by mental health problems as they are not being considered as a priority. They are therefore not able to perform as they should have which is leading to slow paced transmission from the trauma to a normal state of living,
My plea is to the charities to not forget acquiring assistive devices such as wheelchairs and hearing aids just to mention a few for persons with disabilities as these are essential tools for them to contribute to the development of the country.

Impacts of Harmful Traditional Beliefs on Persons with Disabilities

Mother Malawi contributes to the Africa community composition famously known by peace and harmony but not all children. This is because a certain group of minority does not enjoy it due to its mother’s cultural preserving trend rich in beliefs of which some are harmful. There examples include :

1. You can be Set free from HIV and AIDS ounce having sex with a person with Disability,

2. Body parts have potential of leading into financial prosperity in conjuction with medicinal herbs.

3. Persons with disabilities do not die natural deaths and these accelerate increase in cases of victimizing them such as rape abduction and killings .

This is all like that due to lack of awareness, high levels of illiteracy and negligence by government to speed up court proceedings and penalise culprits. All these are resulting in persons with disabilities living in fear,compromised standard of life ,uncomfortable environment and denied right to life .

But as an ambassador for #InclusiveYoungVoices I am on the view that this is high time to raise awareness on the impacts of harmful traditional beliefs especially in Malawi’s typical rural settings ,dealing seriously with this cases and impart knowledge on human rights issues in persons with disabilities.

Please the social world join us doing these in Malawi 🇲🇼 so that everybody should start walking with a heart branded , NO more Violence to those with disabilities.





#IYVMalawi 🇲🇼 Duster


Different Types Of White Canes For The Blind

Different types of canes for the blind and how they differ and how people should learn how to treat people who use canes when they see them. In most cases we get to see a totally blind person walking on their own using canes but most people do not know what types of canes are those. We have an All White Cane which means that the user is completely blind and has no usable vision. We have a White Cane with a red bottom means that the user has low, but some usable vision. There is also a white and a red striped cane means that the user is totally blind and has hearing impairment. In most cases the cane users are not being given the care in the society more especially on the roads, they are not being given chances to cross the road without being worried that they may be involved in accidents trying to cross the road because some people do not respect their right to access crossing the road in peace and safely. If you see a person with disability help them if they are trying to cross the road. We need to help each other if we want to become a better helpful world. Drivers please try to give persons with disabilities as road users the care and respect you could give when you see them while you are driving and also help them when they need any help on the road. #InclusiveYoungVoices #IYVBotswana @UNICEF @safod2014

How To Overcome Challenges As Persons With Disabilities

Hi everyone, I would like to share with you how we can overcome our problems as persons living with disabilities.

When we were growing up we faced many challenges, some of them have affected our growing and education but what i know is that those challenges taught us skills and knowledge in life through the help of guidance, counselling and motivation from our friends, and parents.

Some do not want to see a person with disability get appreciated by their loved ones, as an example at school a lot of people get jealous of me when teachers appreciate my behaviour and encourage to continue with that character and behaviour so what I want to show you is that people will always talk. We as persons with disabilities we should sit down and tell ourselves that we have ability in everything. Another thing is that we should know our enemies and try to move away from them because they are dangerous to us but do not stop giving a smile to them that the way we can do to overcome our problems.

God sometimes will be the one who wants to see our faith as we know that there are problems that are difficult to solve. To study someone before anything is very important like being a friend, in future we should study people who we are living with them whether is in school or at
work, we should do this because people will pretend to love us or being friends with us while their aims is to destroy our happiness and peace. We should study a person first when he or she wants to be a friend so that we can have a good friends who can be for our side every time.

Believing and trusting yourself is very important because it will assure you that you know and understand yourself. As an individual we should know who we are and have a stand.